Recent technological improvements have made the deployment of small, inexpensive, low-power, distributed devices, which are capable of local processing and wireless communication, a reality. Such nodes are called as sensor nodes. Each sensor node is capable of only a limited amount of processing. But when coordinated with the information from a large number of other nodes, they have the ability to measure a given physical environment in great detail. Thus, a sensor network can be described as a collection of sensor nodes which co-ordinate to perform some specific action. Unlike traditional networks, sensor networks depend on dense deployment and co-ordination to carry out their tasks. Previously, sensor networks consisted of small number of sensor nodes that were wired to a central processing station. However, nowadays, the focus is more on wireless, distributed, sensing nodes. But, why distributed, wireless sensing. When the exact location of a particular phenomenon is unknown, distributed sensing allows for closer placement to the phenomenon than a single sensor would permit. Also, in many cases, multiple sensor nodes are required to overcome environmental obstacles like obstructions, line of sight constraints etc. In most cases, the environment to be monitored does not have an existing infrastructure for either energy or communication. It becomes imperative for sensor nodes to survive on small, finite sources of energy and communicate through a wireless communication channel.
Research can address two different perspectives of the energy problem: (1) an increase in battery capacity and (2) a decrease in the amount of energy consumed at the wireless terminal (2)
Cite this article:
Mohammed Bakhtawar Ahmed, Sandeep Gonnade, Deepak Xaxa. Energy-efficient protocols for wireless sensor networks. Research J. Engineering and Tech. 2016; 7(2): 79-81. doi: 10.5958/2321-581X.2016.00017.9:
Mohammed Bakhtawar Ahmed, Sandeep Gonnade, Deepak Xaxa. Energy-efficient protocols for wireless sensor networks. Research J. Engineering and Tech. 2016; 7(2): 79-81. doi: 10.5958/2321-581X.2016.00017.9: Available on: https://ijersonline.org/AbstractView.aspx?PID=2016-7-2-7